To have strong and lush plants, one of the main things to do is to choose a good soil, rich in nutrients. In this way we will give our chilies the opportunity to develop in a favorable environment and we will give them the way to grow lush and productive. The substrate is the place where we will plant our chili seeds, but be careful: temperatures should not fall below 5/10 degrees! Thus, the planting period is somewhat advanced if it is found in areas close to the equator, for example, in southern Italy it starts already in March, while in the north it is necessary to wait a little longer.
We remind you that, if you want to plant chili plants already formed (in March), you can grow them indoors in the colder months (consult our guide: grow chili indoor), so that in June you have much larger plants and therefore more chili!
As we said, soil is the basis for good cultivation.
The first thing to pay attention to is the level of acidity present in the soil. Each plant at an adequate PH that must be monitored to favor the coretto development of full potential. In particular, chili is better suited to a rather acidic level ranging from 4.5 to 6.5 PH (5.5 is perfect).
Another aspect to watch out for is soil drainage. To avoid stagnations, the soil must be well mixed with substances that allow water to flow into the earth. If you grow chili in a field and have drainage problems we recommend using a perlite-pumice - vermiculite. If instead you use containers then you can very well insert expanded clay to remedy increase the drainage capacity of the soil.
We remind you that to germinate the seeds need rather high temperatures, which are considered optimal if they are around 20 to 30 degrees.
On our site you can find the soil for growing chillies, do not forget to click on the link: sale soil and substrate for chilli, where you can also find the substrates needed for your cultivation.
We also recommend three other useful guides: